Great Lakes Indiana and Solutions

Great Lakes Communities and Ecosystems at RiskThe Regionspacer
Confront the Challenge
• Climate in the Region
• The Report
• Technical Background
• For Teachers

Explore the Impacts
• Overview
• Migrating Climates
• Water Resources
• Sense of Place

Discover the Solutions
• Overview
• Solutions where we Live
• Reducing our Emissions
• Managing our Response
• Ten Personal Solutions

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Climate Change in Indiana
Piping Plover
Climate Projections
Human Health
Property and Infrastructure
Recreation & Tourism
Water Supply & Pollution
Climate Solutions
Resources & Links

Climate Change Solutions
Climate change is occurring mainly as a result of humans adding large amounts of heat-trapping gases, such as carbon dioxide, to the atmosphere. The good news is that practical solutions exist today to address this growing problem, and people in Indiana can help in many ways. Although some warming is inevitable—as past heat-trapping gas emissions will continue to have a warming effect for decades—the most extreme outcomes for Indiana can be avoided if responsible measures are taken locally, nationally, and internationally.

Three complementary approaches are needed to address the challenges that a changing climate poses to Indiana:

Reduce heat-trapping emissions in Indiana
Powerplants and motor vehicles account for nearly two-thirds of heat-trapping emissions in Indiana, while industrial emissions count for nearly one quarter. Identifying the major sources of heat-trapping gas emissions thus helps Indiana to tackle the problem at the source and to find the most appropriate ways for Indiana to minimize its contribution to this global problem. By improving the efficiency of our appliances and vehicles, pursuing smart growth strategies, improving land-use practices, and supporting renewable energy generation, we can significantly reduce emissions of heat-trapping gases.

Programs that encourage energy efficiency such as The Industrial Energy Efficiency Fund (IEEF), also play a role in reducing emissions. The IEEF works directly with Indiana manufacturers to increase the energy efficiency of manufacturing processes. Indiana also has a Public Facility Energy Efficiency Program which provides loans to schools, public libraries and others to identify and implement energy efficiency projects.

In addition, overall emissions can be reduced through projects that encourage carbon sequestration. Forest carbon sequestration projects are underway on land owned or managed by The Nature Conservancy with funding from utilities looking for opportunities to offset some of the heat-trapping gas emissions from energy production.

To learn more about these programs and other ways to reduce emissions in the Great Lakes region see the technical appendix Reducing Emissions of Heat-Trapping Greenhouse Gases.

For Additional Information from UCS, see
UCS Clean Energy Program
UCS Clean Vehicles Program
State Clean Energy Maps and Graphs
Renewable Energy and Agriculture: A Natural Fit
Clean Energy Blueprint Benefits Farmers and Rural Economies

Minimize human pressures on the environment
Reducing or minimizing human pressures on the environment often results in long-term economic benefits that outweigh the initial cost. Moreover, reducing or minimizing pressures from land use, pollution, and other disturbances on the environment takes away some of the stresses that make ecosystems more vulnerable to climate change. Thus, while we and the environment benefit immediately from reducing these pressures, protective measures are indispensible in helping ecosystems and people become more resilient in the face of climate change. These benefits include flood protection, human health benefits from water and air purification, improved agricultural and forestry productivity, water supply security, safeguarding of habitat for native plants and animals, aesthetic benefits, and recreational opportunities. The following are key strategies for reducing human stresses:

  • Air Quality Improvements
  • Water Quality Protection and Demand/Supply Management
  • Urban and Land Use Planning
  • Habitat Protection and Restoration

To learn more about each of these options, see:
Managing our Response, or download
Minimizing Human Pressures on the Environment.

Plan for the impacts of climate change
Although there are many steps we can take to reduce the severity of climate change, some changes are already underway and will continue for decades or more. Therefore, society must begin planning and preparing to manage future impacts that cannot be avoided. Such actions include: protecting wetlands—which provide key flood control services and improve local water quality; examining adaption options in the local fisheries, agricultural and forestry practices, as well as improvements in the health care system to accommodate changes in the climate and environment.

Changes in climate variability and weather extremes will need to be taken into consideration when implementing emergency management plans, zoning, and building codes. Resources will be needed to provide increased relief from the heat to the very young, the poor, and those whose health is already compromised. Such measures are particularly important in urban areas. These and other steps for planning for climate change in the Great Lakes region are highlighted in Managing the Impacts.

For a graphical overview of various solution options, please see the Solutions where we Live feature.

Photo Credits:
Piping Plover -- National Park Service, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore.
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