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More about the Letter from Biologists on Strengthening Science in the Endangered Species Act

The Letter from Biologists on Strengthening Science in the Endangered Species Act demonstrates the importance of a strong scientific foundation for the Endangered Species Act. More than 1,300 scientists with biological expertise signed their name to the letter from 49 states and three U.S. territories in just two weeks when the letter was open for signature.

Organizational affiliation is for identification purposes only.

Signers by State

Alabama: 8 Kentucky: 5 North Dakota: 1 
Alaska: 20  Louisiana: 9  Ohio: 30
Arizona: 22 Maine: 12  Oklahoma: 9 
Arkansas: 7  Maryland: 41  Oregon: 61 
California: 191 Massachusetts: 56  Pennsylvania: 37 
Colorado: 43 Michigan: 24 Rhode Island: 6
Connecticut: 16 Minnesota: 18  South Carolina: 15 
Delaware: 8 Mississippi: 6  South Dakota: 0 
District of Columbia: 15 Missouri: 22  Tennessee: 23 
Florida: 74 Montana: 24 Texas: 23 
Georgia: 30 Nebraska: 7  Utah: 13 
Hawaii: 25 Nevada: 19  Vermont: 13 
Idaho: 7 New Hampshire: 5  Virginia: 31 
Illinois: 34 New Jersey: 11  Washington: 62 
Indiana: 17 New Mexico: 31  West Virginia: 3
Iowa: 21  New York: 58 Wisconsin: 28
Kansas: 13 North Carolina: 35  Wyoming: 6 

 U.S. Territories
 Guam: 1   Virgin Islands: 2   Puerto Rico: 2   Americans Living Abroad: 1

Background
The sign-on letter concept originated in discussions among a small group of scientists, who agreed on the main concepts and assisted in drafting the letter text. The Union of Concerned Scientists, Society for Conservation Biology, Orinthological Council, The Wildlife Society, and the Center for Biological Diversity played a coordinating role in collecting signatures and producing the letter.

Criteria
The letter was open to scientists with or working towards an advanced degree with biological expertise. In addition, on a case-by-case basis, individuals who do not have an advanced degree but who have extensive life experience working in the field that gives them particular knowledge of species and their habitats were included.

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